A residence permit in Russia: procedure of receipt

A residence permit is a document, issued to a foreign citizen or to a stateless person in confirmation of their rights to permanent residence in the Russian Federation, as well as their right to free departure from the Russian Federation and entrance to the Russian Federation. A residence permit, issued to a stateless person, is simultaneously an identity document.

A residence permit в Russian Federation can be obtained by foreign citizens and stateless persons.

According to the common rule in order to get a residence permit a foreign citizen must live in the Russian Federation for at least one year on the basis of a temporary residence permit. Though the law establishes the cases, when a residence permit shall be issued without getting a temporary residence permit. This exception is applicable in respect of:

- citizens of the Republic of Belarus, citizens of Turkmenistan and stateless persons, emigrating from Turkmenistan to the Russian Federation and owning residential premises on the territory of the Russian Federation;

- citizens of the CIS states and stateless persons, which were earlier in the citizenship of the USSR, arrived in the Russian Federation before 31.10.2002 in accordance with the order, which does not require to get a visa and as of 22.05.2002 had a temporary residence permit on the territory of the Russian Federation for at least one year.

A residence permit shall be issue for five years.

A residence permit can be extended for five years. For extension of the validity period of a residence permit upon expiry it is required to submit an application to the territorial authority of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation latest two months before expiry of the validity period. It is important that the number of extensions of the validity period of a residence permit shall not be limited.

1. Stage – submission of the application

In order to get a residence permit the application shall be submitted to the territorial authority of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation.

Such an application shall be submitted only by a capable foreign citizen, who reached the age of 18 years old. The application for issue of a residence permit to a foreign citizen, who did not reach the age of 18 years old or is recognized incapable, shall be submitted by one of the parents or lawful representative.

The application to the territorial authority of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation can be submitted at option of the applicant both personally and in the electronic form via the uniform portal of state and municipal services.

2. Stage – inspection of documents by the territorial authority of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation

The officer that got the application and documents thereto, shall form a separate registration file and conduct the required inspection to reveal the grounds for rejection in issue of a residence permit.

If as a result of inspection the officers of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation did not establish the circumstances, being the grounds for rejection in issue of a residence permit, the decision shall be taken on issue of a residence permit. In case of revelation of the grounds for rejection in issue the grounds for rejection in issue of a residence permit, the decision shall be taken on rejection in issue of a residence permit.

The decision on issue or on rejection in issue of a residence permit shall be taken within the period, not exceeding 6 months after the date of submission of the application by the foreign citizen.

Within fourteen days after the decision is taken for issue of a residence permit a notice shall be sent to the applicant with indication of the number and date of adoption of the decision, and in case of adoption of the negative decision – grounds for rejection.

The notice shall also indicate the place and time of receipt of a residence permit.

3. Stage – issue of a residence permit

A residence permit shall be issued in the territorial authority of the Federal Migration Service of Russia. The state duty for issue or extension of the validity period of a residence permit to a foreign citizen or to a stateless person makes  2,000 rubles.

A residence permit shall be issued to a foreign citizen irrespective of the age. A foreign citizen, who did not reach 14 years old, shall be written in the residence permits of his parents (legal representatives) on the basis of their informal application.

A residence permit shall be issued on a set form. Upon issue of a residence permit a note on issue of a residence permit shall be made in the identity document of the foreign citizen. This mark shall be certified by the signature of the employee, authorized to issue a residence permit.

 

©The material is prepared by Gavrilova S.V., expert lawyer of «RosCo»

December 10, 2013

Date of foundation
company «ROSCO»
2004
Membership in professional organizations:
SRO NP «Audit Chamber of Russia»
(Certificate No 1809 dated 28.12.2009)
Chamber of Tax
Consultants
(Certificate No 78)
NP «Partnership of RSE»
(Russian Society of Evaluators)
Membership in public association:
Moscow Chamber
of Commerce and Industry
(Certificate No 123-973 dated 21.12.2009)
Non-Profit
Partnership of Turkish Entrepreneurs (RTIB)
Ratings:
A++1+++1++[%]
(as per the results of 2009 -
А++1+++1+[%])
Company
is included in the register of reliable enterprises of Moscow
Certificates of conformity:
Certificate of conformity to the requirements of GOST R ISO 9001-2008 (ISO 9001:2008)
Professional
liability
is insured